Can-Umantad Falls

Can-Umantad Falss is regarded as the tallest waterfall in the entire province of Bohol. From a height of 60 meters, its source water from Cadapdapan River falls down over a backdrop of horizontal to slightly dipping beds of calcareous and tuffaceous sediments of the clastic member of the Carmen Formation (Middle Miocene, 16 mya – 11 mya)

Philippine Tarsier and Wildlife Sanctuary

The Philippine Tarsier Foundation, Incorpated (PTFI) is a non-profit, non-stock corporation based in Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines, established in 1996 to conserve, promote research and establish a sanctuary for the Philippine tarsier. To ensure the continued existence of the Philippine tarsier, the Foundation is attempting to bring tourism to the province of Bohol in a way that is ecologically friendly to the Philippine Tarsier. The Philippine Tarsier or Tarsius carlito syrichta, named after Carlito Pizzara or “Tarsier Man”, is the smallest primates discovered. They belong to the 45 million year-old family tarsiidae.

Cone Karst – Chocolate Hills

The unique karst landscape is composed of smooth, uniformly shaped conical isolated hills that cover a vast area in the central portion of the island. The site was once a platform of thick widespread buildup of coral reefs that thrived during the Pliocene, approximately 2-5 million years ago and later to form a sedimentary formation. Soon, this limestone formation was raised above the sea level and fractured. Rainwater, streams and groundwater dissolved the limestone, gradually forming the present landscape of cone karst.

Alicia Schist Bohol’s Oldest Rock

The Alicia Schist which appears to be Cretaceous is the lowest formation in Bohol area and the Ubay Volcanics which appear to be Paleocene approximately 100-145 million years old are exposed in the eastern to northern Bohol. The entire basement complex is overlain unconformably by a 2000m thick sequence of Lower Miocene to Pleistocene carbonate and clastic sedimentary rocks and igneous units.

Photo captured by: Chelsea Marianne Curit

Photo captured by: Micah Lumaad

Photo captured by: Chelsea Marianne Curit

Alicia Panoramic Park

The Alicia Panoramic Park features the breathtaking landscape of Binabaje Hills of Brgy. Cambaol in Alica Municipality. The hills, which rise to 400 meters above sea level, are mostly covered in tropical perennial grasses commonly known as Cogon. These tall green grasses wave gently as the breeze passes, giving a soft furry-like appearance to the hills, which is composed primarily of metamorphic rock – the Alicia Schist, the oldest rock in Bohol (Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous, 146 mya – 66 mya). Many adventure-seekers enjoy trekking the ridge trails over the hills and the picture-perfect and stunning green scenery.

Princess Manan-aw Cave

Princess Manan-aw cave is one of the numerous caves included in the Cagong-cagong cave system. It has a total length of 195.5 m, the entrance is measured to be 5.6 m. and width f 3.7m. The cave is carved out of coarse and reefal calcareous rocks belonging to the later Milocene Sierra Bullones Limestone. It has plenty of speleothems and underground river flowering inside the cave.

Lamanoc Island and Cave Pools

Lamanoc is famous for its limestone cliffs and flourishing plant life and wildlife. Check out the caves and you’ll find old clay jars, several boat coffins and a rock shelter that contains graffiti dated during prehistoric era. Relics of prehistoric painting made using hematite painted on cave walls are observed, but age and meaning of these figures are unknown. The locals practice their centuries-old tradition they were accustomed to, such as offering gifts to a “diwata” whom, according to them, is the protector of the island. For the people of Lamanoc, the observance of such tradition will bring them abundant food harvest which is rooted in their strong ancestral beliefs even before they were converted to Christianity by the Spaniards.

Cadapdapan Rice Terraces

Being among the top rice-producing towns of Bohol, it is not surprising that Candijaay harbors the most captivating of all the rice terraces of the province. It is believed to be made by the ancestors of the locals, hundreds or even thousands of years ago. The people of Candijay before had to think outside the box and improvise on how they would make a living out of farming and the Cadapdapan Rice Terraces is a clear example of their ingenuity.

Baclayon Church

The La Purisima Concepcion de la Virgen Maria Parish Church commonly known as Baclayon Church is considered to be one of the oldest in the Philippines. Construction began in 1717 where some 200 native forced laborers (obras pias) cut and dragged coral blocks from the sea, using only bamboos in moving and lifting the stones in position. It is one of the best preserved Jesuit-built churches in the region, although in the 19th century, the Augustinian Recollects added a modern facade and a number of stone buildings that now surround the church.

Baclayon Uplifted Marine Terrace

The uplifted marine terrace in Baclayon is a similar landform to the more recently uplifted marine terrace in Maribojoc. However, the terraces in Baclayon are much older. It was formed during the Pliocene-Pleistocene time (5 miion years – 10,000 years ago). Fault movement along the coast caused the uplift of formerly underwater reefs raising it at height above the sea and creating marine terraces seen at Baclayon. The three-step terraces there stand at 20 meters, 40 meters and 60 meters above sea level signifying at least three episodes of progressive tectonic uplift in the area. The Ancient marine terraces can be observed in the step-like quality of uphill roads that branches inland from the highway in Baclayon.

Dauis Church

Dauis Church, also known as Our Lady of the Assumption Church, is a fine representation of a Byzantine-Romanesque architecture founded by Jesuits Father Diego de Ayala and Joseph Gregorio. The construction was conducted by Father Julio Saldana began to construct the present church in 1863 and was later finished by Fr. Natalio Del Mar in 1923. It was inaugurated by Cebu Bishop Jan Gorordo on August 23, 123. The bell tower was constructed between 1938 and 1939. The church was built on the location of an old cemetery where China ceramics were found and were used as grave furniture. The facade of Dauis Church is Gothic in style with neoclassical ornamentation. The church’s interior has frescoes on the ceiling painted by Ray Francs in 1916. At the foot of the altar is a well, which was believed to be miraculous.

Hinagdanan Cave

The Hinagdanan Cave is one of the many wondrous karst caves in the Province of Bohol. This cave was accidentally discovered by a farmer while clearing his land. Stumbling on a hole in the ground, curious, he dropped stone and heard a splash. He built a ladder, “hagdan”, and went down to find the cave’s hidden beauty, hence the origin of its name Hinagdanan. It boasts of several stalactite and stalagmite formations and a clear lagoon that is about 10 to 20 meters deep. Aside from its awe-inspiring natural beauty, Hinagdanan also played a significant role in the history of Bohol. The cave was used during Second World War as a hideout by locals to escape from the Japanese Imperial Army.